(Adapted from the U.S. Army Survival Manual)
To make survival spears, use the same procedures to make the
blade that you used to make a knife blade. (See the page Survival Knives) Then select
a shaft (a straight sapling) 1.2 to 1.5 meters long. The length
should allow you to handle the spear easily and effectively.
Attach the spear blade to the shaft using lashing. The preferred
method is to split the handle, insert the blade, then wrap or
lash it tightly.
You can use other materials without adding a blade. Select
a 1.2-to 1.5-meter long straight hardwood shaft and shave one
end to a point. If possible, fire harden the point. Bamboo also
makes an excellent spear. Select a piece 1.2 to 1.5 meters long.
Starting 8 to 10 centimeters back from the end used as the point,
shave down the end at a 45-degree angle (Figure 12-4). Remember,
to sharpen the edges, shave only the inner portion.
Steve's Notes: If you'll be using your spear to
catch fish, make small cuts near the point and towards the point,
to create "barbs" that will keep the fish from slipping
off. Another fishing spear is made by splitting the end of the
spear and propping it open with a thin stick. When forced down
on the fish, the stick is knocked out, and the two sides close
on the fish.
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